http://lists.tmttlt.com/listinfo.cgi/transdisciplinarystudies-tmttlt.com This is the list for the book series ‘transdisciplinary studies’ which is seeking scholars interested in discussing transdisciplinary research and book proposals for transdisciplinary research
To some extent this exam was very important, and I think the questions that I was asked are indicative of why I think this is. It is 12 years after I took this exam, and well being able to answer these questions today are just as important as them. I only have the questions that I wrote and the answers, each question was answered offline over a 3 hour writing period in a morning or afternoon, over a 4 day period. There was an oral exam afterwards.
The topics were:
Philosophy of Technology
Politics of Technology
Cultures of Technology
1. You are to write about security issues on networks – from electrical networks, to telegraph and telephone, and then to the Internet and wireless networking. Discuss the engineering and design considerations, such as Vannevar Bush’s work on electrical networks (and as expressed in more recent work like Networks of Power). Relate the earlier work to contemporary issues in Internet and network security. How were the concerns expressed in the earliest days of networking similar and different than the ones expressed now? Is there something fundamental about the concept of a network that demands considerations of security (i.e., is security an element of network infrastructure), or is the consideration of security external to networks, a social, cultural, economic, political (etc.) “overlay,” or do those intertwine, and with what consequences?
4. Who are some of the contemporary philosophers of science and technology and what are their primary differences and similarities? Where do you place my work in relation to their wok in the philosophy of science and technology, especially given the problems for philosophy posed by an age of autonomous technologies?
5.Where are the relations of power in science and technology? How do power and knowledge interplay in technoscience systems? What is the role of the state and other actors in science and technology policy?
6.Discuss various approaches to the relation of technology and politics. In what sense are technologies political? Do artifacts have politics, does politics use artifacts, or should we invoke a seamless techno-politics?
7. Identify three central problems or issues in the STS literature that a focus on Internet studies helps clarify, extend, or otherwise exemplify. What gaps or omissions in the STS literature can Internet studies help resolve or fill in? In other words, what does Internet studies contribute to the knowledge of STS more broadly? Here the focus should be upon the STS literature per se.
8. Connection metaphors abound in STS, critical theory, and on the Internet – networks, rhizomes, webs, links, social worlds, communities, etc. Compare and contrast various such metaphors, discussing their strengths and weaknesses for the type of theorizing you hope to do.
Over the years I’ve helped several people and many have thanked me personally, some have thanked me online, and some have thanked me in print. I’ve returned the thanks to many already, but as I have been working on various summaries of my career as an academic lately… Here’s a thank you also to those that printed a thank you to me in their acknowledgements or elsewhere. So i am acknowledging the acknowledgements so to speak
Thanks for the print.
- Falco, E. (2012). The New River. In Putting Knowledge to Work and Letting Information Play (pp. 135-166). SensePublishers.
- Garnar, A. W. (2007). An essay concerning subjectivity and scientific realism: Some fancies on Sellarsian themes and onto-politics (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University).
- Hillis, K. (2009). Online a lot of the time: Ritual, fetish, sign. Duke University Press.
- Jankowski, N., Jones, S., & Park, D. (2011). Ten years and onwards. New Media & Society, 13(1), 3-6.
- Klein, M. J. (2007). The Rhetoric of Repugnance: Popular Culture and Unpopular Notions in the Human Cloning Debate (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University).
- Lawrence Lessig. (2004). Free culture: How big media uses technology and the law to lock down culture and control creativity. Penguin.
- McCaughey, M. (2012). The caveman mystique: Pop-Darwinism and the debates over sex, violence, and science. Routledge.
- Petzold, T. (2011). The uses of multilingualism in digital culture: the case of inter-language linking. (Doctoral Dissertation, Queensland University of Technology)
- Shea, P. J. (2014). Community arts and appropriate internet technology: participation, materiality, and the ethics of sustainability in the digitally networked era.(Doctoral Dissertation, Queensland University of Technology)
- Pearce, W. (2013). The meanings of climate change policy: implementing carbon reduction in the East Midlands (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nottingham).
- Stutzman, F. D. (2011). Networked information behavior in life transition (Doctoral dissertation, THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL).
- Wadley, G. R. (2011). Voice in virtual worlds (Doctoral dissertation, Department of Information Systems, Faculty of Science, The University of Melbourne).
Closed Systems / Open Worlds
Edited by: Jeremy Hunsinger (Wilfrid Laurier University), Jason Nolan (Ryerson University) & Melanie McBride (York University)
This book will consist of explorations at the boundaries of virtual worlds as enclosed but encouraging spaces for exploration, learning, and enculturation. Game/worlds like Second Life, OpenSim, Minecraft, and Cloud Party are providing spaces for the construction of alternatives and reimaginings, though frequently they end up more as reproductions. We seek to challenge those spaces and their creativities and imaginings.
These worlds exist as both code and conduct. Code is a modulating multiple signifier, in that the interpreters of the code vary from human to machine and that our understanding of the signifier changes the worldliness in itself. The conduct of both participants and administrators of these spaces influences how they flourish and then fade. As such the worlds and their anima/animus are socially constructed fictions where authors/creators/users, both above and below the actions are sometimes in concert, yet often in conflict with the space and intentions of the originators.
This book seeks critically engaged scholars who want to risk the possibility of change in the face of closed systems. We are looking for critical or speculative essays that must be theoretically, empirically and/or contextually grounded chapters of 5000-6500 words plus apparatus. Doctoral students and non-tenure faculty members will be afforded blind peer review upon request.
We are aiming for 12 -14 chapters that define the boundaries and thus likely futures of research on virtual worlds.
Aug 1, 2014 – 250 word précis with 5-10 key references
Aug. 30, 2014 – accept/reject proposals
Feb 1, 2015 – final draft due
July 1, 2015 – feedback from reviewers
September 1, 2015 – final version
December 1, 2015 – in press
Queries and submissions: ClosedandOpenBook@gmail.com
Topics may include:
I proposed this for the annual standing conference on organizational symbolism conference http://www.scos.org/iframe-5/index.html “serious fun”… and it was accepted. it is a spin off the darknets research i’ve been pursuing on the side for a year… so now there are two papers in development on this topic… I’m sharing it so people can see more clearly some of the topics that i engage with for ‘fun’.
Toying with governance: darknets, surveillance, and resistance
By jeremy hunsinger
This paper argues that ethics of playful hacking as a mode of resistance that operate within and through internet systems counteracts government control of the darknets. Specifically, I argue that as governments seek more surveillance and control over the internet, they will have less control of technical elites, who in a mode of playful jouissance construct oppositional technologies.
Darknets are securitized internet networks that operate either over existing networks through encrypted traffic on those networks, or increasingly they are mixes of those networks and either planned or ad-hoc mesh networks. Mesh networks are computer to computer networks that route date across, by routing it through the computers themselves sans intermediation by the internet. While these darknets exist within and through the commercial internet, their traffic can be governed by the commercial providers and the governments that govern those providers, mesh routing bypasses even that control and forces a different strategy to address the governance of content and its distribution. This new strategy for surveillance and control of media is device based monitoring, but even that might be bypassed by using non-standard operating environments.
Thus I conclude that given the socio-technical parameters of future darknets, that the governments who seek to regulate and control content on the internet are forced into position of either hypersurveillance of individual devices or to abdicate monitoring and content provision to the communities themselves.
However, no matter how the government constructs the system of governance, the playful mode of resistance will enable the creative re-creation of darknets and other securitizing technics that will allow darknet technologies.
The Ingelfinger rule is the rule that begot the norm by which we agree to not publish the same research in two different places. I never knew that it had a name. However, knowing its history helps to understand the norm a bit more.
personal reality check time… I can’t do everything and get it all done. I need to get this hacking/maker research out the door (granted there is a special issue underway, but…), finish the altmetrics that i started with Abby Goodrum get at least one more paper out on the slow university idea, and i have a book on the history of online learning underway, and there is a new volume of the handbook of internet research in progress. SO i should just admit that until i finish the maker/hacker stuff and get that out the door, i won’t really have time to start a funded grant project that requires extensive travel or the other grant project that requires international collaboration, at best i should try to get one paper each out the door to justify both grant projects. so instead of grant writing, i should be writing up research. If i get the hacker/maker stuff done, the altmetrics stuff done, and the slow university stuff done, i think i will still be batting above average… oh and did i mention the Academic Fraud-o-sphere research i’m doing… yeah… that needs more work too. so yeah, i declare this semester and summer the semester and summer of finishing instead of the semester of starting new things.
so the todo list is:
1. finish the hacker/maker stuff
2. make significant progress on the altmetrics project
3. work on one paper for slow university
4. work on one paper for the new digital sensorium
5. work on online learning book
6 work on second volume of handbook
7. work on academic fraud-o-sphere stuff
and 7 is enough for now…
10 things that i think i know about learning ecologies
1. human beings learn; we don’t stop learning, we learn while we are awake, we learn while we are asleep, we learn when under stress, and we learn when comfortable and happy.
2. human beings do not always learn what others know, or think is the truth, the right, the good, or anything else that is socially or culturally endorsed. in fact, we frequently learn what isn’t endorsed, and what is around the endorsed, what structures the endorsed and what endorses the endorsed, etc. etc. instead of learning the endorsed. the learning around the endorsed learning may be the most important learning in the end.
3. learning is a process. it is not thing, nor a product. it must be performed, but awareness of its performance does not always improve it. human beings are not the only things that learn.
4. speed and change occur in ecologies and thus affect learning and learning ecologies.
5. learning constructs relationships. relationships are frequently labeled objects, essences, qualities, etc. but what we are doing is learning to relate one thing or set of things(subject, object, or quasi-object) to another thing or set of things. frequently when learning these relationships, we make them too ‘unchanging’, thus requiring future unlearning and relearning.
6. learning is social. there are always other human beings. other humans exist as learners implicit in everything, from our language, to our actions, to our texts, and to our world. even if there are no ‘physical subjects’ other than yourself present when you learn, there are tens of thousands of subjects, a virtual society or hidden college, around you. we learn from and with those human beings.
7. human beings build and inhabit ‘assemblages’ which are systems of relationships which persist through time such as institutions, environments, ideologies, etc. etc. we build structures for learning too. we also build ‘mechanisms’ which structure relationships with an intention of producing or re-producing in whole or in part assemblages. the structuring and/or mechanizing of learning can prevent or hinder the learning, as much as it can help and encourage it.
8. assemblages and mechanisms are internal to our learning ecology, but we do not always learn about them, sometimes they are purposefully hidden from us, sometimes justifiably, sometimes not. sometimes these assemblages and mechanisms augment human being’s capacity to learn.
9. when we structure and/or mechanize learning, we change its ecology, which necessitates the creation of relationships or the changing of relationships, thus we need to learn the relationships in the ecologies anew.
10. human beings have always been tool users. tools are technologies, and we have always learned about and through technologies. technologies, as such, are part of our learning ecology and play parts in structuring and mechanizing learning. technologies have always mediated relationships, and all media are technologies. there is a ‘craft’ to all technologies that must be learned, and in learning that craft, we create new relationships that we share with others.
As do I.
It amazes me that this sort of thing goes on. It is quite worrisome in terms of academic freedom, not that we necessarily have any more freedom than others as academics, but that we are supposed to be able to speak and share knowledge… make comparisons that may make people uncomfortable. Knowedge does that…. makes people uncomfortable.
For Lennard J. Davis, universities are akin to licensed madhouses and obsession is the name of the game.
the sad thing is that this is mostly true….