Stephen's Guide to the Logical Fallacies: “The point of an argument is to give reasons in support of some conclusion. An argument commits a fallacy when the reasons offered do not, in fact, support the conclusion. ” [From the Desktop of Dane Carlson]
While knowing all of these probably would not have helped me in any of my teenage discussions with my father, they are useful to understand. It often seems that the majority of arguments used by people quoted in the media fall into one of these items. At least you can now understand what you mean when you say 'post hoc ergo proctor hoc', as I do in casual conversation every day
This is very important material for most people to know and understand.